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·         The ministry of Panchayati Raj presented "Gram Manchitra," a Geographic Data Framework (GIS) application.

·         Furthermore, the Service sent off "mActionSoft," a portable based answer for geo-labeling project resources.

What is Gram Manchitra and mActionSoft?

Gram Manchitra:

·         About: The essential objective of Gram Manchitra is to energize spatial arranging drives by Gram Panchayats, utilizing the abilities of geo-spatial innovation.

·         The application upholds the Gram Panchayat development Plan (GPDP) by helping navigation.


·         Brought together GeoSpatial Stage: Gram Manchitra gives a solitary and brought together stage, working with the representation of formative ventures and exercises at the Gram Panchayat level.

Area Wise Preparation: It empowers Gram Panchayats to design and execute formative works across various areas, encouraging an all encompassing way to deal with country improvement.

Advancement Plan Instruments: Apparatuses incorporate undertaking site recognizable proof, resource following, cost assessment, and venture influence appraisal.

M Action Soft:

·         About: mActionSoft is a versatile based arrangement, assumes a significant part in catching geo-labeled photographs with GPS organizes for works with resource yields.

Resources go through geo-labeling at three phases: prior to the beginning of work, during the work, and upon finishing.

·         This lays out a complete vault of data on different works connected with regular asset the executives, water collecting, sterilization, farming, and that's just the beginning.



·         Geo-Tagging: Panchayats geotag resources made under finance commission assets with photos, guaranteeing straightforwardness and responsibility.

·         The resources geo-labeled utilizing mActionSoft consistently coordinate with Gram Manchitra, enhancing the perception of formative works in Gram Panchayats.

·         Geographic Data Framework: An innovation catches, makes due, investigations, and presents topographical or spatial information.

·         It permits clients to envision, decipher, and comprehend information by connecting it to areas on the World's surface.

·         GIS joins different layers of data like guides, satellite symbolism, and information tables to make intuitive guides and models.

·         It is utilized in assorted fields like metropolitan preparation, ecological examination, regular asset the executives, crisis reaction, and that's only the tip of the iceberg, helping with navigation and critical thinking connected with spatial data.

·         Geotagging: It is the method involved with adding geological distinguishing proof to different media, for example, photographs, recordings, sites, or different archives.

·         It includes appending metadata, as rule GPS directions to these records, giving explicit area data about where the media was made or caught.

·         This empowers clients to pinpoint the specific geographic area related with the substance, working with association, search, and planning of information in view of its area.


·         Send off of Short-Reach Long range missile 'Agni-1' was done effectively from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha. The send off, did under the aegis of the Essential Powers Order, effectively approved all functional and specialized boundaries.


What is Long range missile 'Agni-1'?


·         The Agni-1 is a Short-Reach Long range missile (SRBM) created by India as a feature of its Agni series of rockets. It is the principal rocket in the Agni series and is intended to be an essential weapon equipped for conveying an atomic payload.

·         The Agni-1 is principally planned for use as an obstruction against likely foes and is known for its speedy reaction time.

·         It is the primary variation of the Agni series rockets under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

Specialized Particulars:

·         The Agni-1 is a solitary stage, strong energized rocket with a scope of around 700 to around 1200 kilometers and can convey a payload of 1,000 kg, making it a short-range long range rocket. It has the capacity to convey both regular and atomic warheads.

·         The strong fuel impetus framework upgrades its functional adaptability and decreases sendoff planning time.

Advancement and Testing:

·         The Agni-1 was created by the Defence research and development organization (DRDO) in India. The rocket has gone through a few fruitful test dispatches to approve its presentation and unwavering quality.

·         Agni-1 was first tried at the Break Test Reach in Chandipur in 1989. The Indian armed force acknowledged Agni-1 in assistance in 2007.


What are the Other Agni Class of Rockets?

·         The Agni series is a group of long range rockets created by India, with every variation intended for explicit ranges and purposes. Other than Agni-1, other outstanding rockets in the series include:

Scope of other Agni Rockets:

·         Agni II: Range in excess of 2000 km.

·         Agni III: Scope of in excess of 2,500 Km

·         Agni IV: Range is in excess of 3,500 km and can fire from a street portable launcher.

·         Agni-V: The longest of the Agni series, a Between Mainland Long range Rocket (ICBM) with a scope of north of 5,000 km.

·         Agni Prime: A two-stage canisterised rocket (a work in progress) has been effectively flight tried in June 2023.

·         The rocket is equipped for conveying various warheads at discrete areas a ways off of 1,000 - 2,000 km.



·         It is a sort of lengthy reach long range rocket with the capacity to travel huge distances, regularly intercontinental reaches.

·         They assume an essential part in a country's atomic set of three, which incorporates land-based rockets, submarine launch ballistic missile (SLBMs), and key planes.

·         ICBMs are portrayed by their incredibly lengthy reaches, regularly surpassing 5,500 kilometers (around 3,400 miles) and frequently arriving at distances of north of 10,000 kilometers (in excess of 6,200 miles).

·         ICBMs follow a ballistic direction, meaning they are sent off into space before returning the World's environment to strike their objectives.


·         The reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its every bimonthly monetary policy committee (MPC) Meeting has held benchmark loan costs unaltered for the fifth time in succession.

·         The key repo rate has been stopped for five sequential surveys at 6.5%.

What are the Vital Features of the MPC Meeting?

Policy Rates:

·         policy Repo Rate: 6.5%

·         Repo rate is the rate at which the reserve bank of India (RBI) loans cash to business banks in case of any deficiency of assets. Here, the reserve bank buys the security.

Standing deposit facility (SDF): 6.25 %

·         The SDF is a liquidity window through which the RBI will give banks a choice to stop overabundance liquidity with it.

·         It is not quite the same as the converse repo office in that it doesn't expect banks to give guarantee while stopping reserves.

Negligible Standing Office Rate: 6.75%

·         MSF is a window for booked banks to get for the time being from the RBI in a crisis circumstance when interbank liquidity evaporates totally.

·         Under interbank loaning, banks loan assets to each other for a predetermined term.

Cash reserve ratio (CRR): 4.50%

·         Under CRR, the business banks need to hold a specific least measure of store (NDTL) as stores with the national bank.

Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR): 18.00%

·         SLR is the base level of stores that a business bank needs to keep up with as fluid money, gold or different protections.


Development Projection Raised:

·         The Gross domestic product development projection for 2023-24 was raised to 7% from before 6.5%, floated by a powerful 7.6% development in the second quarter of 2023-24 FY.

Expansion Estimate:

·         The consumer price index (CPI) based expansion figure for the financial year 2023-24 has been held at 5.4%.

What is Different Drives Taken by the RBI?

Climbed in UPI Cutoff for Wellbeing and Training:

·         RBI has climbed as far as possible for Wellbeing and Schooling exchanges from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh for every exchange to yield significant functional benefits for both medical services foundations and patients, as indicated by industry specialists.

Repeating e-Installment Commands:

·         The RBI has extended the cutoff on repeating e-installment orders for charge card, protection premia installments, and shared reserve speculations to Rs 1 lakh from Rs 15,000 takes into account more significant occasional exchanges.

Administrative System for Web-Collection:

·         RBI wants to lay out an administrative structure for web-collection of credit items to further develop client centricity and straightforwardness in computerized loaning.

Organizations with Fintechs:

·         The RBI has looked to get a superior grasp on the developing rate of banks and non-banking finance organizations (NBFCs) joining forces with Fintechs by proposing the making of a Fintech Storehouse by April 2024.

·         FinTechs would be urged to give important data deliberately to this Archive.


·         Expansion: It alludes to the supported expansion in the general value level of labor and products in an economy throughout some undefined time frame, prompting a lessening in the buying influence of cash.

·         Title Expansion: It is the complete expansion for the period, including a crate of wares.

The food and fuel expansion structure one of the parts of title expansion in India.

·         Center Expansion: It rejects unpredictable products from the bin of wares following Title Expansion. These unstable wares mostly contain food and drinks (counting vegetables) and fuel and light (raw petroleum).

Center expansion = Title expansion - (Food and Fuel) expansion.

·         Expansion focusing on: It is a money related strategy structure pointed toward keeping a particular objective reach for expansion.

·         The Urjit Patel Panel suggested CPI (Customer Value File) over WPI (Discount Value List) as an action for expansion focusing on.

·         The ongoing expansion target likewise lines up with the panel's suggestion to lay out an objective expansion pace of 4%, joined by an OK scope of deviation of +/ - 2%.

·         The central government, in meeting with the RBI, sets an expansion target, and an upper and lower resilience level for retail expansion.

·         Liquidity alludes to the straightforwardness with which a resource or security can be immediately traded in the market without altogether influencing its cost.

·         It implies the accessibility of money or fluid resources for meet monetary commitments or make speculations. In more straightforward terms, liquidity is to get your cash at whatever point you want it.


·         The Leadership Group for Industry Transition (LeadIT) Culmination 2023 facilitated by India and Sweden at the Meeting of Gatherings (COP 28) in the Assembled Middle Easterner Emirates, the Service of Climate, Woodland and Environmental Change declared the three mainstays of the second period of LeadIT (2.0).

What is the Administration Gathering for Industry Progress (LeadIT)?


·         LeadIT is a worldwide drive that intends to speed up the progress of testing areas like steel, concrete, synthetics, flying, and transportation to low-carbon pathways.

·         The LeadIT assembles nations and organizations that are resolved to activity to accomplish the Paris Arrangement.

·         It was sent off by the legislatures of Sweden and India at the Assembled Countries Environment Activity Highest point in 2019 and is upheld by the World Monetary Gathering.

·         The LeadIT Secretariat is liable for dealing with crafted by the Administration Gathering.


·         LeadIT, flaunting 38 individuals, incorporates nations and organizations. Prominently, India is a functioning member.

·         LeadIT individuals buy into the thought that energy-concentrated businesses can and should advance on low-carbon pathways, expecting to accomplish net-zero fossil fuel byproducts by 2050.

What are the Critical Features of the Second Period of LeadIT?


·         Work with the making of approaches and guidelines backing a comprehensive industry change through open confidential associations. Prepare assets, support information sharing, and speed up pathways to accomplish net-zero industry emanations by 2050.

Lead IT Support points:

Worldwide Gathering for a Fair and Impartial Industry Progress:

·         Guaranteeing persistent exchange and commitment among states and industry.

This point of support is devoted to supporting LeadIT's commitment with multilateral gatherings (e.g., UN Environment Activity, Joined Countries Structure Show on Environmental Change (UNFCCC) COP administrations, working with information dividing between individuals, and carefully observing the progress' speed.

Innovation Move and Co-advancement:

·         This support point is committed to working with business-to-business innovation move and building public institutional limit with regards to advancement.

Industry Change Associations:

·         The LeadIT Secretariat helps individuals in making industry change associations, supporting developing business sectors and creating economies in their quest for green modern advances.

·         These organizations include planning and reinforcing specialized and monetary global help to upgrade adequacy.

·         A definitive objective is to lay out empowering conditions for a pipeline of bankable low-carbon modern undertakings.