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National and International Current Affairs 1st January 2024

1.     Sagar Parikrama: An event held from January 1–6, 2024.

2.     Finance Commission:  The appointment of Arvind Panagariya as the Chairman of the Sixteenth Finance Commission, its functions, composition, and challenges faced.

3.     Wages under MGNREGS:  Implementation of an Aadhaar-based payment system for wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.

4.     Anti-dumping duty:  Imposition of anti-dumping duties on imports of wheel loaders and           gypsum boards from China and Oman.

5.     Cyclone 1:  An exercise between India and Egypt.

6.     Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System: Uttar Pradesh’s ranking for its use of the ICJS.

7.     XPoSat:  The launch of India’s X-ray Polarimeter Satellite on January 1, 2024.

8.     Regulation of OTT Platforms: The introduction of the Draft Broadcasting Services (Regulation) Bill, 2023 to expand regulatory oversight to include OTT platforms and digital content.

9.     National Investigation Agency (NIA):  Achieving a 94.70% conviction rate in 2023.

10. Aromatic Crops and Floriculture:  The successful introduction of aromatic plants in Odisha’s tribal communities.

11. E-SCR portal:  A project providing digital versions of Supreme Court judgments.

12. XPoSat (X-ray Polarimeter Satellite) mission:  India’s mission to study astronomical X-ray sources.

13. Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs):  Government securities as substitutes for holding physical gold.

14. Eurasian Otter:  Discovered in Kerala’s Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.

15. Tehreek-e-Hurriyat under UAPA:  Declaration of Tehreek-e-Hurriyat as an ‘Unlawful Association’ under the UAPA Act for five years.

16. Exercise ‘Desert Cyclone 2024’:  A joint military exercise between India and UAE in Rajasthan to enhance interoperability.